Nin - Filip Šubrt Photo

“Landscape photography is the supreme test of the photographer - and often the supreme disappointment."

Ansel Adams .


Croatia Photos

Nin

Nin is small town near Zadar, Nin has a very rich and tumultuous history. Its location is intriguing; the heart of Nin is its historical center on an islet only 500 meters in diameter. Nin is situated in a lagoon on the eastern shore of the Adriatic Sea, surrounded by natural sandy beaches and linked with the mainland by two stone bridges from the 16th century. According to historians the area of Nin appears to have been settled 10000 years ago. The present-day town on the islet developed 3000 years ago and is one of the older towns on the eastern Adriatic. The area of Nin was colonized by immemorial people of the Mediterranean.

The town is only 15 km away from the famous tourist destination – Zadar. Nin is the oldest Croatian royal town. The area of the today’s town of Nin has been inhabited from the prehistoric times; the first known inhabitants were the Illyrians while the Croatian people came to the region in the 7th century. Visit the St. Cross church (the smallest cathedral in the world), St. Jakov church, St. Anselmo cathedral, the remains of the largest roman temple on the east coast of the Adriatic sea, duke Branimir monument, the town Lower gates and the stone bridge, Kraljevac square with the fountain, coronation church of St. Nikola (monument heritage which testifies about the great power of the Croatian sea rulers; 7 Croatian kings have been crowned here), the statue of Gregory of Nin (the most significant bishop of old Nin, today it’s bronze statue is located in the town of Nin, near the St. Anselmo church).

At the time of Turkish wars, Nin was on the battle-field. After the selling of Dalmatia to Venice (1409), Nin came under the control of Venice. Since then began its destruction; it was economically exploited but not protected militarily. The town was destroyed twice. The first destruction was 1571 and the second on 28 April 1646. The Venice government gave an order to burn the town and destroy it systematically. According to historians, the Venice government sacrificed Nin and left the burnt town to the Turks to save the town of Zadar. Monument, churches, and the king's and bishops palaces in Nin were destroyed and have never been renewed. The economic development of Nin began after World War II. Since 1969, Nin has been developing as a tourist destination. Nin today is historical and tourist town which looks for its developing in valorization of historical heritage. In recent years, many monuments have been restored.

Condura Croatica

In 1966, at the entrance into the port of Nin, remains of boats were found by chance. They were taken out of the sea 1974 and transferred to Zadar.
These boats sailed in the 11th cent, beginning of the 12thcent. It is supposed that they correspond to the konduras mentioned by Emperor Konstantin Porphyrogenitos in the 10th century when he spoke of the Old Croatian navy. This is one of the reasons why the discovered boats were called Condura Croatica. This boats were the smallest but most dangerous war boats in world history. Condura Croatica were described by the Byzantine Emperor Bizantski car Konstantin Porfirogenet, and thanks to these documents we were able to find out that the Croats had a great number [about 80] such boats.7-8 m in length, they were built in the classical manner with ribs and paneling connected with wooden and iron nails. Their shape classifies them as narrow boats, and they were used as quick row boats, and in case of favorable wind a rectangular sail would be raised and then the function of the parallel joists at the bottom would change and they would become boat stabilizers. These boats were made and probably sailed at the time of the Croatian rulers Krešimir IV and Zvonimir. According to a historical document at the time of King Krešimir Croatia had 20.000 rowers on konduras, and some sources say that King Tomislav had 15,000 kondura rowers ready in Nin.
The Condura Croatica iis exhibited today in the Nin Museum of Antiquities in a separate pavilion while a replica is near the Lower Town Bridge.

NinCroatiaChorvatskoZadarCondura Croaticasunset