Chichen Itza was a large pre-Columbian city built by the Maya people of the Terminal Classic period. It is located some 150 km east-northeast of Uxmal and 120 km east-southeast of the modern city of Mérida.
The Maya name Chichen Itza means "At the mouth of the well of the Itza." This derives from chi' (mouth or edge) and ch'en or ch'e'en (well). Itzá is the name of an ethnic-lineage group that gained political and economic dominance of the northern peninsula. One possible translation for Itza is "enchanter (or enchantment) of the water," from its, "sorcerer," and ha(water).
Chichen was founded about the 6th century CE, presumably by Maya peoples. The principal early buildings are in an architectural style known as Puuc, which shows a number of divergences from the styles of the southern lowlands.
When the Spaniards arrived to Chichen Itza, it had been abandoned as a consequence of the civil war fought with Mayapan. In between 1196 and 1441 the final collapse of this culture took place in the north of the peninsula.
The conquerors found the buildings partially in ruins and their names and real use were unknown; this is why the present names are suppositions. The architectural characteristics of Chichen Itza and that have a direct relationship with. The Mayan Toltec style are: "El juego de la Pelota", "El Castillo", "El Grupo de las Mil Columnas", "El tzompantli", El Edificio de las Aguilas", "El templo de los Guerrerros", and "El Mercado". All of these buildings have the same decoration motives found in Tula. The most frequent representations are warriors and Quetzalcoatl.The cult of the Feathered serpent, Quetzalcoatl in Tula and Kukulkan in Mayan, was very important.