Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum
The Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum is an American military and maritime history museum with a collection of museum ships in New York City. It is located at Pier 86 at 46th Street in the Hell's Kitchen neighborhood on the West Side of Manhattan. The museum showcases the aircraft carrier USS Intrepid, the submarine USS Growler, a Concorde, a Lockheed A-12 supersonic reconnaissance plane, and the Space Shuttle Enterprise. Founded in 1982, the museum closed in 2006 for a two-year renovation of Intrepid and facilities. The museum reopened to the public on November 8, 2008.
The museum was opened in 1982 at Pier 86 after Zachary Fisher and his brother Larry Fisher, prominent New York real estate developers, and philanthropist and journalist Michael Stern saved USS Intrepid from scrapping in 1978. Intrepid became a National Historic Landmark in 1986. On August 8, 1988, this museum was awarded USS Growler, a Grayback-class submarine, which carried the nuclear Regulus missile, by the United States Congress from the United States Navy. This submarine is still on display at the museum after extensive renovations in 2009. Sailors' bunks USS Edson, a Forrest Sherman-class destroyer was displayed as an exhibit at the museum from 1989 to 2004. This ship was returned to the United States Navy, and is now on display at the Saginaw Valley Naval Ship Museum in Bay City, Michigan. In 2001, Intrepid served as temporary field headquarters for the Federal Bureau of Investigation as it began its investigation of the September 11 attacks.
On December 12, 2011, ownership of the Space Shuttle Enterprise was transferred to the Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum. In preparation for the anticipated relocation, engineers evaluated the vehicle in early 2010 and determined that it was safe to fly on the Shuttle Carrier Aircraft once again. On April 27, 2012 Enterprise was flown to JFK International Airport and was moved by barge to the Intrepid Museum on 3 June 2012.